Andrew Wachtel: Making Monoethnic States: The Balkans and Central Asia

Andrew Wachtel je predsednik Američkog univerziteta Centralne Azije u Biškeku, Kirgistan. Prethodno je bio dekan postdiplomskih studija i direktor Centra za međunarodne i komparativne studije na univerzitetu Nortvestern u Čikagu. Član je američke Akademije nauka i umetnosti kao i Saveta za međunarodne odnose. U svojim istraživanjima bavio se ruskom književnošću i kulturom, istočnoevropskom i balkanskom kulturom, istorijom  i politikom, kao i savremenom centralnom Azijom. Nedavno objavljene knjige su mu The Balkans in World History (Oxford UP, 2008), Russian Literature (koautor Ilya Vinitsky, Polity Press, 2008), i Remaining Relevant After Communism: The Role of the Writer in Eastern Europe (U. of Chicago Press, 2006). Prevodi poeziju i prozu sa ruskog, bosanskog/hrvatskog/srpskog, bugarskog i slovenačkog jezika. 

Abstract

The Balkans became “The Balkans” when a fact – these lands were characterized by a high level of ethnic diversity – became a problem.  This occurred with the importation from Western Europe of the idea that the state and the nation should be isomorphic. Balkan history since the early 19th century can be considered as a series of attempts, ultimately almost completely successful, to solve this “problem.” Central Asia was characterized by a similar level of diversity, and since the collapse of the USSR it has been undergoing a process of monoethnicization comparable to that which took place in the Balkans. This lecture will explore several key questions: What are the similarities and differences between the Balkans and Central Asia in terms of nation and state consolidation? Will the outcome be substantially different in Central Asia than in the Balkans?