In 1999 a book called Old and New Wars, by Mary Kaldor (Stanford University press) marked a major turn in the scholarship on violent conflict, as well as in justifications of international military interventions. The book argued that the ‘new wars’ are ‘internal’ conflicts based on identity politics, where ‘local war lords’ loot local properties to finance their violent enterprise and use deliberate violence against civilian population. The book also argued for a new mode of international interventions, based on cosmopolitanism. In this lecture Dubravka Zarkov will analyze underlying assumptions of Kaldor’s arguments, and critique the hegemonic agenda that inspires it. She argues that the book offers a ground for a new hegemonic agenda of interventionism, wherein issues of Human Rights, and especially Human Rights of women, have become a major justificatory rhetoric.
Dubravka Žarkov je profesorka na odeljenju Rod, konflikt i razvoj (International Institute of Social Studies in The Hague). Studirala je sociologiju, antropologiju, razvoj i rodne i ženske studije u Beogradu i u Holandiji. Njena osnovna interesovanja su politike reprezentacije roda, seksualnosti i etniciteta u kontekstu rata i nasilnih konflikata. Neke od njenih mnogobrojnih publikacija su: 2008. Gender, Conflict, Development (ur.), Zubaan (New Delhi); 2007. The Body of War: Media, Ethnicity and Gender in the Break-up of Yugoslavia (Duke University Press) i 2002. The Postwar Moment: Militaries, Masculinities and International Peacekeeping, (ur. sa Cynthia Cockburn) (Lawrence and Wishart).