Miljenko Hajdarović and Aleksandar Todosijević: How to teach the disintegration of a country
23. June 12:00 - 14:00
Teaching history is a complex job because it challenges the teacher to move students in oral and written expression about things that are often imaginary. It is an additional challenge when the politics of history are involved, which wants to use this science for some of its goals.
The ethnocentric approach in the teaching of history is present in all societies of the states from the former Yugoslavia. Political elites in public appearances impose their vision of the recent past and promote it as an official historical narrative, which is best seen in obvious examples: the education system (textbooks, curricula, teaching practice), commemorations, memorials, and in some cases even through the adoption of specific laws and making political declarations. This one-sided and superficial approach to sensitive and controversial topics of our recent past results in the development of stereotypes and prejudices among students, incitement to hatred and "preparation" for some new wars and conflicts in the future.
After graduating in history and sociology at the Faculty of Philosophy in Zagreb, Miljenko Hajdarović spent most of his working life in various roles as an educator. He worked in primary and secondary school, on the reform of the History curriculum and is now in a new role of educator as the author and editor of textbooks and other educational materials for primary and secondary school. He enrolled in the doctoral study Educational Perspectives and the Future of Education at the Faculty of Education in Osijek.
Aleksandar Todosijević is employed as a history teacher at the Branko Radičević Elementary School in Batajnica. He acquired the title of pedagogical advisor. He is currently the president of the Association for Social History - Euroclio. He is the author of history textbooks for all grades of primary school, numerous manuals for teachers and other didactic material. He is the author and leader of seminars for teachers, he has presented at a large number of conferences and expert gatherings, both in the country and abroad. He has participated in many national, regional and international projects related to history teaching, culture of remembrance and other important historical topics. He is part of the team of the project Learning History, which is not yet history, dedicated to the Wars of the 1990s in the former Yugoslavia, which was awarded by the Center for Global Pluralism for one of the best projects in 2019.