The clash between “sovereignists” and “globalists” in Europe and elsewhere has reopened the debate on the very foundations of modern democratic societies. Do we need to be a “people”, populus, in order to live together in peace? And what is a populus? Is it always a “nation”? If so, how to define nationality? Can we confine ourselves to saying that a “nation” is a group of people who share some cultural, religious, or linguistic characteristics? But then, what is the reason why it is not always the case that communities with a strong – cultural, religious, or linguistic – identity acquire a political subjectivity and transform themselves into political actors?
Davide Tarizzo is an Italian philosopher, who teaches at the University of Salerno. A former student of Gianni Vattimo and Jacques Derrida, he has lectured in several European, South American and North American Universities. Over the past years, he has written extensively on psychoanalysis (Freud, Lacan), French Theory, political theory, and biopolitics. He has also edited sevral Italian translations of contemporary philosophers such as Hannah Arendt, Gilles Deleuze, Stanley Cavell, Jean-Luc Nancy, Alain Badiou and Ernesto Laclau. His recent publications include: Introduzione a Lacan (2003), Il pensiero libero. La filosofia francese dopo lo strutturalismo (2003), Giochi di potere. Sulla paranoia politica (2007) La vita, un’invenzione recente (2010; English translation as Life, a Modern Invention, Minnesota University Press, 2017). He is currently working on two new books. The first, provisionally entitled The Biopolitical Order: Science and Society in the Age of Optimization, aims at promoting a new approach to biopolitical studies. The second, entitled Political Grammars: The Unconscious Foundations of Modern Democracy, focuses on the issue of nations and nationalism.