The Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory of the University in Belgrade is engaged in systematic and long term research in the fields of philosophy and social theory. Each theorist and researcher of this institution endeavors to further the development of their respective field of study, such as philosophical anthropology, social theory, history of social ideas, history of philosophy, philosophy of science, philosophy of language, bioethics, sociology of religion, political philosophy, epistemology, ethics, social anthropology, political sociology, sociology of science, etc. Significantly, each of them also strives to contextualize scientific trends in Serbia and the world in an interdisciplinary way. The research fellows of the Institute are also employed as teachers at the humanities departments of universities in Serbia and the region. The Institute pays special attention and devotes considerable energy to engaging young and talented people, as well as to establishing a dialogue with the larger scientific community through the organization of gatherings, workshops and lectures. In addition to its primary scientific and research work – done through project cycles – the Institute has a strong publishing house. The texts published in the magazine Philosophy and Society, as well as all the books that come out of the Institute, follow the editorial and scientific policies of the Institute, and are peer reviewed and edited.
The dissident movement in socialist Yugoslavia was one of the more important aspects of the intellectual and academic landscape, and as such, the Belgrade section of Praxis philosophy was eminently important for the founding and early work of the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory. Prior to obtaining its current name and status in research conducted through project cycles, on 12 February 1992, the Institute began its activities primarily in informal gatherings of a group of university professors (Golubović, Inđić, Marković, Mićunović, Popov, Stojanović, Tadić, Životić) who were officially stripped of their teaching duties at the University in 1975. Their activities having a clear political aspect and their indubitable influence on public opinion in Serbia as well as Yugoslavia, on top of the respect these teachers commanded in world academic circles, led to the formation of the Center for Philosophy and Social Theory on 16 July 1981, within the auspices of the extant Institute for Social Theory.